Republic day is celebrated on 26th January every year. On this day in the year 1950, India has adopted its constitution. In 2020, Republic day is falling on Sunday. We are going to discuss in details about Republic Day. We shall focus on various aspect of the day.
Why is Republic Day Celebrated in India?
India got Independence on 15th of August 1947. But there was no permanent constitution for India at that time. So a resolution was moved for appointment of a drafting committee which will draft a constitution for India on 29th August 1947 and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of that committee.
On 26th January 1950, The Constitution was adopted and it came into effect throughout the Nation.
Also See: Play Republic Day Quiz Contest.
Importance of Republic Day in Public Life.
After a long spirited freedom fight, India got Independence in 1947. And the constitution of India was hand written in Hindi and English version. The Republic Day plays an important role in People’s life because of the constitution by which India was declared as Sovereign, Secular, Socialistic and Democratic Republic nation.
Republic day is celebrated with full spirit and enthusiasm throughout the country. To celebrate the special day of Indian democracy, We celebrate it in Schools, colleges, various Institutions, Govt Organisations and the list goes on. It is really a matter of Honor and Pride for every Indian to celebrate the Republic Day.
School, college and Educational institutions organizes various cultural programs, Quiz Competitions, Speeches to mark the day and to spread awareness among the students and common people.
Protocol or Common Practices
In Republic Day, President of India unfurls the National Flag (Tricolor) at Rajpath. But in Independence Day Prime Minister of India unfurls it at Red fort.
Like wise, All the State Governors hoist the National flag at their respective state capitals.
The parade in Rajpath, New Delhi is presided over by the President of India. An important function on Republic Day Parade is to pay tribute to the martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country and to confer bravery awards on military persons, citizenry and children for showing courage against adversary circumstances.
In the beginning, the Prime Minister of India lays a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, in memory of all members of the armed forces who gave up their life for the Nation. After that there is a tradition of the 21 gun salute, unfurling of the National Flag and then singing of the National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana“.
After that, various awards such as the Ashok Chakra , Paramvir Chakra and Vir Chakra are presented to gallantry award winners.
Children who have won National Bravery Awards ride past the spectators on decorated elephants. Then they are honoured and awarded by the Indian Council for Child Welfare for performing outstanding deeds of bravery and selfless sacrifice.
It Concludes with Beating Retreat.
The 4 days long celebration of a grand festival comes to an end on 29th of January. Pipes, Military Bands and Drums Bands, Buglers and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments perform during this beating retreat ceremony. Besides, there are bands from each of the Navy and Air Force.
‘Beating the Retreat‘ has emerged as national pride when the Colours and Standards are paraded.
Who is the Chief Guest for Republic Day 2020?
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has invited the President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro to the Republic Day celebrations in 2020 as a chief guest during his meeting with Bolsonaro on the sidelines of 11th BRICS Summit which was held in Brasilia. Bolsonaro also accepted the invitation with pleasure.
Also See: January 26 General Knowledge Quiz